Visit Touristic and Cultural Places and Learn Arabic
OFFICIAL NAME: Arab Republic of Egypt
FORM OF GOVERNMENT: Republic
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE: Arabic
MONEY: Egyptian pound
AREA: 386,662 square miles (1,001,449 square kilometers)
MAJOR MOUNTAIN RANGES: Eastern Highlands
MAJOR RIVER: Nile
Without the Nile River, all of Egypt would be desert. Only about an inch (2.5 centimeters) of rain falls throughout Egypt each year. But each summer, the river rises because of rains at its source far to the south in Ethiopia. Floods cover the river’s valleys, leaving sediments needed for trees, plants, and crops to grow.
Egypt is often divided into two sections: Upper Egypt in the south and Lower Egypt in the north. The sections are named this way because the Nile flows from south to north. The river empties into the Mediterranean Sea.
Southern Egypt’s landscape contains low mountains and desert. Northern Egypt has wide valleys near the Nile and desert to the east and west. North of Cairo, the capital, is the sprawling, triangular Nile River Delta. This fertile land is completely covered with farms.
PEOPLE & CULTURE
About 90 percent of Egyptians are Muslim, which means they are followers of the Islamic religion. About 10 percent of Egyptians are Copts, one of the oldest branches of the Christian religion.
Visit Egypt with Nile Arabic Center
The major places that you can visit during your stay in Egypt:
the Cairo Museum,
Mehmet Ali Pasha Mosque,
the tomb of Imam Shafii,
the tomb and mosque of Hussein (R.),
the Tolunoglu Ahmet Mosque,
various structures in Cairo,
library in Alexandria,
historical and tourist attractions,
the Desert Safari,
Mediterranean coasts and others…